Perpetrators of family fraud often are those family members who people would least suspect, says Tiffany Couch, one of the United States’ leading forensic fraud experts, Principal at Acuity Forensics, and a chairwoman of the Board of Regents of the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners.
Couch is often hired by lawyers and beneficiaries including families themselves, as well as social service agencies to investigate family fraud.
“In cases of family fraud, it’s not typically the black sheep of the family. In fact, it’s usually the last person anyone would suspect – the most trusted member of the family,” Couch noted. “One of my cases was a professional with a six-figure salary and nice family who was well-known and connected in the community.
“His elderly mother had $500,000 in the bank and, when authorities found her, she was living in a trailer with a disabled son using towels and blankets to keep warm. Over two years the professional son responsible for her care had depleted her bank account to $695. The Department of Health and Human Services became involved when her rent check bounced and the son who robbed her reported he couldn’t take care of her anymore.”
Unlike many fraud cases, fortunately this one had an ending in which justice was served, Couch said. Because the son had used his mother’s money to pay off his home mortgage and credit debt, along with building up his 401(k), he did have assets. He was prosecuted and his mother received 100 percent restitution.
Much like this case, Couch explained that 78 percent of family fraud involves fraudulent disbursements – tapping into a family member’s checking account or credit.
“You don’t need a lot of money to be the victim of fraud. If there’s money in the bank, there’s money to steal,” she said.
What drives a family member to commit fraud? There’s interesting psychology behind family fraud and what Couch called the fraud triangle:
• Perceived need: The motive is generally a perceived need. “I need money to pay off a mortgage or credit card or gambling debt.” That need could be short-term, such as the need to get the brakes fixed on the car. But when that need is gone, some people can’t stop. For some, that fraud just gets easier to continue, Couch noted.
• Sense of entitlement: Along with that perceived need comes a sense of entitlement. “My loved one is going to die anyway. This is my inheritance.”
• Opportunity: Finally, that individual has opportunity, for example, access to their loved one’s accounts or investments as was the case in the example above.
You can help an older adult minimize the risks of family fraud by suggesting they put safeguards in place, Couch recommends. For example, recommend they make a will and clearly define who is entitled to what and when. And put in place a system for a trusted third party – such as a banking or accounting professional, to regularly check their account.
It can be difficult to believe that a family member is taking advantage of an older adult. If you believe this is happening, first try to approach that older adult. If the individual doesn’t believe you, contact your local Department of Social Services including Adult Protective Services. If you have question on this topic and would like more resources, please call our office at 707-586-1516 and we would be more than happy to offer you more.
Julie Ann Soukoulis is the owner of Home Instead Senior care office in Rohnert Park, mother of two and passionate about healthy living at all ages. Having cared for her parents, she understands your struggles and aims, through her website, www.homeinstead.com/sonoma to educate and encourage seniors and caregivers. Have a caregiving or aging concern? She’d love to hear from you at 586-1516 anytime.