Finance
September 17, 2019
link to facebook link to twitter
More Stories
Signs of elder abuse Unrealized loss and gain What they are; why they matter. Diversification, patience and consistency Retirement planning weak spots; they are all too common Smart financial moves in your 20s, 30s, 40s and 50s Adjusting your portfolio as you age When is Social Security income taxable? Debunking a few retirement myths Retirees, check your withholding Social Security gets its big boost No, that is not the I.R.S. calling Is Gen X preparing adequately for retirement Tax scams and schemes A retirement fact sheet Ways to ease college costs Preparing to retire single Could assumptions harm your retirement strategy? Bad money habits to break Have you budgeted for retirement? Saving your elderly parents from financial fraud Mutual Funds vs. ETFs; similarities and differences. Long-term investing truths: Key lessons for retirement savers Where will your retirement money come from? Retiring in the next 5 years? Money tips for newlyweds Retirement and adult children The different types of IRAs Annuities for retirement income Annuities for retirement income What prospective annuity holders should consider Build your rainy day fund Details people should know about Medicare Five retirement concerns too often overlooked Investing means tolerating some risk Your diversified portfolio vs. S&P 500 Making a charitable gift from your IRA Tax considerations for retirees Smart moves for new parents When you retire without enough ABLE accounts for disabled When a family member dies An executor checklist The retirement we imagine, the retirement we live Steps to catchup if you are behind on your retirement savings? Your financial co-pilot Yes, young growing families can save and invest Why don’t all affluent people become wealthy? Beneficial moves for every age Keep calm, stay on plan Retirement plans for individuals & businesses College funding options Turn your intent into a commitment, set goals as you save and invest Managing money well as a couple Tax efficiency in retirement Set goals as you save and invest A retirement gender gap for women What should you keep? Catching up on retirement saving The retirement mind game

Underappreciated options for building retirement savings

By: Ken Weise
December 21, 2018

More people ought to know about them. 

There are a number of well-known retirement savings vehicles, used by millions. Are there other, relatively obscure retirement savings accounts worthy of attention? Are there prospective benefits for retirement savers that remain under the radar? 

The answer to both questions is yes. Consider these potential routes toward retirement savings. Health savings accounts (HSAs). People enrolled in high-deductible health plans (HDHPs) commonly open HSAs for their stated purpose: to create a pool of money that can be applied to health care expenses. One perk: HSA contributions are tax deductible unless made through a payroll deduction in which case they are pre-tax. Another, underappreciated perk deserves more publicity: the federal government permits any earnings within HSAs to grow tax free. Just ahead, you will see why that is important to remember. 

While 96 percent of HSA owners hold their HSA funds in cash, others are investing a percentage of their HSA money. Tax-free growth is nothing to sneeze at: an HSA owner who directs 100 percent of the maximum $3,450 yearly account contribution into investments returning just 4 percent annually could have an HSA holding more than $200,000 in 30 years. Prior to age 65, withdrawals from HSAs are tax free if they are used for qualified medical expenses. After that, withdrawals from HSAs may be used for any purpose (i.e., for retirement income), although they do become fully taxable. 

This is a hypothetical example and is not representative of any specific situation. Your results will vary. The hypothetical rates of return used do not reflect the deduction of fees and charges inherent to investing.

In 2018, an individual can direct $3,450 into an HSA; a family, ‘Savings” see page 13 ‘Savings” Continued page 12 $6,900. Additional catch-up contributions are allowed for HSA owners aged 55 and older. 

“Backdoor” Roth IRAs. Some people make too much money to open a Roth IRA. That does not mean they are barred from having one. Anyone can convert all or part of a traditional IRA to a Roth and pre-retirees with high incomes and low retirement savings occasionally do. Why? A Roth IRA offers the potential for future tax-free withdrawals. Roth IRA owners also never have to take Required Minimum Distributions (RMDs). A Roth conversion is typically a taxable event and it cannot be undone. The IRA owner may enter a higher tax bracket in the year of the conversion, so anyone considering this should speak with a tax professional beforehand. 

Cash value life insurance. Permanent life insurance policies often have the capability to build cash value over time and high-income households sometimes purchase them with the goal of achieving more tax efficiency to using that cash value to supplement their retirement incomes. Cash value accounts within these policies are designed to earn interest and grow, tax deferred. Withdrawals lower the cash value of the policy, but are untaxed up to the total number of premiums you have paid. Tax-free, low-interest loans may also be taken from these policies; unrepaid loans, though, lower a policy’s death benefit. The risk here? If you have an outstanding policy loan, you could potentially face income taxes if you run into a situation where you must surrender the policy or are unable to pay the premiums. 

Cash balance pension plans. Many small business owners may need to accelerate the pace of their retirement saving. A cash balance plan, when wedded to a standard workplace retirement plan that features profit sharing, may enable a business owner to save more for retirement annually than the low contribution limits of an IRA would ever allow. With large contributions, there is a potential for large yearly tax savings. 

The Saver’s Credit. Lastly, the federal government provides a significant tax credit to encourage low-income and middle-income households to save for retirement. The Saver’s Credit can be as large as $2,000 each year. Joint filers with adjusted gross income (AGI) of $63,000 or less, heads of household with AGI of $47,250 or less and other filers with AGI of $31,500 or less may be eligible for the credit, which equals either 50 percent, 20 percent, or 10 percent of their annual workplace retirement plan or IRA contribution, depending on their respective AGI level. Taxpayers contributing to ABLE accounts are also eligible to take the Saver’s Credit, so long as they are the designated beneficiary for that account. 

Ken Weise, an LPL Financial Advisor, provided this article. He can be reached at 707-584-6690. Securities offered through LPL Financial. Member FINRA/SIPC. The opinions of this material are for information purposes only.